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Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum)

Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum)
Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum) #0
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Unit price
1.82 € *
apx. $2.07
4 €
in stock
Item number
Seed quantity:
100 Pcs.
Botanical name:
C. cicuta, C. croaticum, Cicuta officinalis, Conium maculatum, Coriandrum cicuta, Selinum conium


In ancient Greece, hemlock was used to poison convicted political prisoners - the most famous victim is the philosopher Socrates. However, there are also plenty of cases of unintentional poisoning with conium maculatum where poison hemlock was
mistaken for similar-looking kitchen herbs, such as parsley or chervil.

Medieval witches are said to have used poison hemlock for their purposes, especially for preparing their flying ointment. This is probably due to the fact that it has a paralyzing effect on the skin which might evoke the sensation of "flying". Hemlock was also a common sight in European monastery gardens where it was grown for use as a as a local anesthetic. It can still be found growing as a wild plant around those spots.

The main active ingredient of conium maculatum, coniine, was isolated in 1831 and was the first alcaloid to be synthetically recreated in 1886. Coniine is a clear, oily liquid with a burning hot taste and smell of mouse urine. It is readily absorbed by the skin and the mucous membranes and causes increased excitability, followed by an ascending paralysis of the spinal cord. Its effect is similar to curare or nicotine - centrally and peripherally paralyzing, with a distinct impact on the release of adrenalin. Since it is very hard to dose, in today's medicine hemlock is only used in homeopathic preparations to combat tumors.

Caution: The whole hemlock plant is very poisonous and is particularly dangerous for children!

One package contains 100 conium maculatum seeds

Growing instructions
Sow the hemlock seeds directly outside in spring (or start your seeds indoors). The up to 2.5 m tall plant loves sunny locations and blooms in the second year.

Details: Plant description & care

Plant family:
Plant height approx.:
50–250 cm
Root system :
Flower colour:
Flowering period :
August, July, June, September
Water requirements:
Moderately moist
Lifecycle :
Annual, Biennial
Winter hardy up to:
–20 °C

Sowing & cultivation

Sowing time outdoors:
April, May
Planting distance approx.:
40 x 40 cm

Companion planting

Other names

German names:
Bangenkraut, Bitscherling, Blutpeterlein, Blutschierling, Butzerling, Düllkrut, Erdschierling, Gartenschierling, Kalberkern, Krottenpeterling, Pipkraut, Scharnpiepen, Schirsing, Teufelspeterling, Tollkraut, Tollkörfel, Wogeltod, Wutscherling, Wüterich, Wütscherling, Ziegendill
English names:
beaver poison, carrot fern, devil's bread, devil's porridge, herb bennet, musquash root, poison hemlock, poison parsley, spotted corobane, spotted hemlock
French names:
Ciguë de Socrate, Ciguë des officines, Ciguë tachetée, Mort–aux–oies
Spanish names:
acebuda, azecuta, budoños, canaveira, cañaeja, cañafierro, cañafleja, cecuta, cicuta manchada, dibleto, diversa de la ferula, embudejo, huelemanos, jecuta, linojo, mastrancho, perejil de las brujas, perejil de tontos, perejil lobuno, sarnosa, secuta, siblatos, zecuta


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