The category of exotic plants contains a variety of plant seeds from the tropics. Among them are heirloom agricultural crops and fruit trees and many special spices. Hobby gardeners often refer to tropical plants as "exotic plants" - a somewhat imprecise concept, as "exotic" simply means "foreign" and is therefore a very relative term, which dates back to the reference frame of the former colonial powers and thus implies a European perspective.
The cultivation of tropical and exotic plants from seed is a passion for many gardeners and often requires special equipment, as these plants need different climatic conditions. Additional heat, moisture or greenhouse cultivation are often necessary for tropical seeds, so that they not only germinate, but also develop into healthy plants.
Exotic container plants and potted plants indoors
Many species from tropical and subtropical climates are very decorative and are perfect as houseplants in planters or pots. Tropical green plants often form a majestic foliage and, especially when it comes to plants from the lower layers of the jungle, need only little light. Flowering plants, however, are only suitable for very sunny locations in the house, or need artificial plant light to flower.
Popular evergreen houseplants are many kinds of ferns, dieffenbachia or ornamental bananas - but also coffee trees, various palm trees and cacti can be grown from seeds and cultivated very well in different locations in the house.
Banana seeds usually germinate after a few weeks, sometimes not until after 1-3 months. Temperatures between 28-30 °C are ideal for germination. Due to the rapid growth, banana plants will later need plenty of water and fertilization.
Seeds of cacti and other succulents. These often prickly fellows can be cultivated from seed - and even more great news: There are a few hardy cactus varieties which can stay outside the whole year and grow in relatively harsh climates - under certain conditions, of course.
Coffee is known as a beverage in Europe since the 17th century, and it has become absolutely indispensable since then. There are 124 species worldwide, but in Europe, we mainly use the varieties Arabica (Coffea arabica) and Robusta (Coffea canephora), whereas at least nine coffee species are grown and consumed worldwide
Palm trees are among the plants that are ideal for the cultivation from seeds, as they are monocots and can not be grown from cuttings and are very complicated to cultivate using other asexual propagation methods. Some palms form side shoots which
The plant genus of passion flowers (Passiflora) includes 530 species that originate primarily from the tropical and subtropical regions in Central and South America. They are almost always perennial vines or climbing plants with beautiful flowers.
In the home gardens of American farms tobacco plants were once almost an expected standard, and recently this old tradition of growing tobacco in the garden has become quite popular again. Nicotiana is a relatively undemanding, but very visually appealing plant - the only thing to keep in mind is that tobacco seeds should not be planted in gardens where children or animals play because the nicotine contained in the plant is poisonous.
While the tropical climate is a true plant paradise, plant lovers from temperate or colder climates can also grow plants from the tropics and subtropics. They are often very good house plants and can be grown from seeds.