Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum)
Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum) #0 Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum) #1 Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum) #2

Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum)

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In ancient Greece, hemlock was used to poison convicted political prisoners - the most famous victim is the philosopher Socrates (399 BC). However, there are also plenty of cases of unintentional poisoning with Conium Maculatum where poison hemlock was mistaken for similar-looking kitchen herbs, such as parsley or chervil or seeds like fennel and anise.

Medieval witches are said to have used poison hemlock for their purposes, especially for preparing their flying ointment. This is probably due to the fact that it has a paralyzing effect on the skin which might evoke the sensation of "flying". Hemlock was also a common sight in European monastery gardens where it was grown for use as a local anesthetic. It can still be found growing as a wild plant around those spots.

The main active ingredient of Conium Maculatum, coniine, was isolated in 1831 and was the first alkaloid to be synthetically recreated in 1886. Coniine is a clear, oily liquid with a burning hot taste and smell of mouse urine. It is readily absorbed by the skin and the mucous membranes and causes increased excitability, followed by an ascending paralysis of the spinal cord. Its effect is similar to curare or nicotine - centrally and peripherally paralyzing, with a distinct impact on the release of adrenalin. Since it is very hard to dose, in today's medicine hemlock is only used in homeopathic preparations to combat tumors.

Caution: The whole hemlock plant is very poisonous and particularly dangerous for children!

Seeds, content: Approx. 100 Poison Hemlock seeds
Details: Plant description & care
Plant family:
Plant height approx.:
50 – 250 cm
Flowering time:
Flower colour:
Root system :
Lifecycle :
full sun
Sowing & cultivation
Indoor pre-culture (seedling stage):
Sowing time outdoors:
Sowing depth:
1 cm
Best germination temperature :
16 – 18 °C
Planting distance:
40 x 40 cm
Main harvest:
Sow the hemlock seeds directly outside from April (or start your seeds indoors) - Caution: The seeds are poisonous. The up to 2.5 m tall plant loves sunny locations and blooms in the second year.
Other names
Botanical name:
c. cicutac. croaticumcicuta officinalisconium maculatumcoriandrum cicutaselinum conium
German names:
English names:
beaver poisoncarrot ferndevil's breaddevil's porridgeherb bennetmusquash rootpoison hemlockpoison parsleyspotted corobanespotted hemlock
French names:
ciguë de socrateciguë des officinesciguë tachetéemort–aux–oies
Spanish names:
acebudaazecutabudoñoscanaveiracañaejacañafierrocañaflejacecutacicuta manchadadibletodiversa de la ferulaembudejohuelemanosjecutalinojomastranchoperejil de las brujasperejil de tontosperejil lobunosarnosasecutasiblatoszecuta
Item number
Magic Garden Seeds
Seed quantity:
100 Pcs.


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