Caper bush (Capparis spinosa)
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Caper bush (Capparis spinosa)

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The caper shrub is a perennial, thorny half shrub that grows around the Mediterranean Sea. From June to August, it produces beautiful, delicate flowers and also presents us with the delicious little capers.

Capers are the closed small flower buds of the plant, soaked in either vinegar or salt. This causes the bitter substances to evaporate and the buds develop their typical sour taste. The fruits of the caper bush are also edible. The so-called caper apples or caper berries are also preserved in salt or vinegar and used similarly.

In addition, this plant is a very old cultivated plant, which was probably used as food and medicinal plant about 7000 years ago. This is documented by archaeological finds in Turkey, Jordan and Syria. As a medicinal plant, all components of the plant were used, especially for digestive problems.

Capparis spinosa seed, Content: approx. 20 caper bush seeds
Details: Plant description & care
Plant family:
Country of origin:
Plant height approx.:
30 – 50 cm
Flowering time:
Flower colour:
Root system :
Deep roots Taproot
Lifecycle :
Winter hardiness zone (whz):
10 (–1 bis 4 °c)
full sun
Water requirements:
Soil type:
AridAvoid waterloggingCalcareousNutrient–poorPoroussandboden
Medicinal plantOrnamental plantSpice plantVegetables
Sowing & cultivation
Sowing time outdoors:
Sowing depth:
1 cm
Best germination temperature :
20 – 25 °C
Germination time in days:
60 – 80Irregular
Planting distance:
40 cm
Needs cold for germination
Main harvest:
A perennial semi-shrub that is not hardy and only tolerates temperatures of a minimum of -5°C for a short time. Frost-free, cool and bright hibernation in the house is recommended during the winter. The shrub grows naturally in rocky, calcareous, dry and lean locations in full sunshine. In the garden, the plant needs a lean, dry location with very good drainage. It does not grow very high, as the branches hang down and grow almost crawling on the ground, so that the caper shrub can be used well as a ground cover and rock garden plant. It grows excellently on dry stone walls.

Indoor sowing can take place all year round. The seeds should be stratified, i.e. they need cold to germinate. To do this, keep the seeds warm with a little moist sand (e.g. in a freezer bag) for about two weeks, then store in the refrigerator for 4-6 weeks (never in the freezer!). Then sow the seeds normally at +20-26°C. Sowing depth: 1 cm. Germinates irregularly in approx. 6-8 weeks. Pre-soaking the seeds in warm water for about 24 hours promotes germination.

Unfortunately, it is difficult to grow the caper shrub from seed. The overall germination rate of the seeds is usually rather poor. Once germination has been achieved, further problems can unfortunately occur when transplanting the young plants, because the plant has a very sensitive root system and responds badly to the change of location. Repot it only if absolutely necessary, and when doing this carefully dig out the root ball with a lot of surrounding soil. As this is a deep-rooting plant, you should select high pots as a precaution and leave enough space for the roots.
Other names
Botanical name:
capparis spinosa
German names:
dorniger kapernstrauchechter kapernstrauch
English names:
caper bushflinders rose
French names:
câprier communcâprier épineux
Spanish names:
Italian names:
Item number
Magic Garden Seeds
Seed quantity:
20 Pcs.


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