Red, yellow and white beet seeds. Beetroots are cultivars of the common turnip, which was originally native to the Mediterranean. With the Romans the beets came to Central Europe. Because they are very easy to grow and are excellent winter vegetables, they have become a standard in many vegetable gardens. Beet roots may be used both raw and cooked as a salad, vegetables, soup or boiled. Homemade beetroot preserves are also very popular. Due to its high content in vitamin B, potassium, iron and folic acid, the beetroot is a very healthy vegetable.